Prof. Dr. Sarah Carol


sarah.carol [at]

Research fields

Social integration of immigrants | Interethnic friendships and marriages | Islamic religious rights


since 09/2019 Assistant Professor in Sociology, University College Dublin

09/2015 – 08/2019 Professor of Demography and Social Inequality, University of Cologne  

07/2014 - 08/2015 Research Fellow at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES)  

since 07/2014 Guest researcher at the WZB Social Science Center 04/2009– 06/2014 Research fellow at the research unit "Migration, Integration, Transnationalization", WZB Berlin Social Science Center

09/2013 Dr. phil., Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Is blood thicker than water? Family and gender values and their impact on the social distance between Muslim migrants and natives in Western Europe Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Ruud Koopmans and Prof. Dr. Klaus Eder

01/2012 – 02/2012 Visiting scholar, University of Bristol, Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and Citizenship since 04/2010 Berlin Graduate School of Social Sciences (BGSS), Associate, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 

10/2000 – 09/2006 Studies in Social Sciences, Business Administration, and Psychology, Universityof Duisburg-Essen Diploma thesis: "The importance of social networks and social support for social integration: An empirical analysis on South Asians in Gemany and Canada" Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Petra Stein and Prof. Dr. Martin Diewald

Selected Publications

Carol, Sarah (2016): "Like Will to Like? Partner Choice among Muslim Migrants and Natives in Western Europe". In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 42, No. 2, S. 261-276. (vorab online publiziert 15. Oktober 2014)
Carol, Sarah/Teney, Celine (2015): "Attitudes towards Intergroup Dating among Brussels Adolescents. The Interaction of Gender and Ethnicity and Its Determinants". In: European Societies, Vol. 17, No. 2, S. 132-157. (Vorab online publiziert 10. November 2015)
Carol, Sarah/Helbling, Marc/Michalowski, Ines (2015): "A Struggle over Religious Rights? How Muslim Immigrants and Christian Natives View the Accommodation of Religion in Six European Countries". In: Social Forces, Vol. 94, No. 2, S. 647-671. (vorab online publiziert 15. März 2015)
Carol, Sarah (2014): "The Intergenerational Transmission of Intermarriage Attitudes and Intergroup Friendships. The Role of Turkish Migrant Parents". In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 40, No. 10, S. 1550-1571. (Vorab online publiziert 6. Januar 2014)
Carol, Sarah/Ersanilli, Evelyn/Wagner, Mareike (2014): "Spousal Choice among the Children of Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants in Six European Countries. Transnational Spouse or Co-Ethnic Migrant?". In: International Migration Review, Vol. 48, No. 2, S. 387-414. (Vorab online publiziert 18. Februar 2014)
Carol, Sarah/Hajji, Rahim/Koopmans, Ruud (2014): "Sprachliche Integration, interethnische Kontakte und Religiosität. Ein Gruppenvergleich". In: Andreas Pott/Khatima Bouras-Ostmann/Rahim Hajji/Soraya Moket (Hg.): Jenseits von Rif und Ruhr. 50 Jahre marokkanische Migration nach Deutschland. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, S. 107-123.
Carol, Sarah (2014): "A Measure for Social Integration. Mixed Marriages between Muslims and Non-Muslims Are Accepted but Rare". In: WZB Report, Vol. 2014, S. 16-18.
Carol, Sarah/Helbling, Marc/Michalowski, Ines (2014): "Religion Matters. Faith and its Practice Influence Coexistence More Than Generally Assumed". In: WZB Report, Vol. 2014, S. 19-21.
Carol, Sarah/Koopmans, Ruud (2013): "Dynamics of Contestation over Islamic Religious Rights in Western Europe". In: Ethnicities, Vol. 13, No. 2, S. 165-190.
Carol, Sarah (2013): "Intermarriage Attitudes among Minority and Majority Groups in Western Europe. The Role of Attachment to the Religious In-group". In: International Migration, Vol. 51, No. 3, Special Issue "Incorporating Faith. Religion and Immigrant Incorporation in the West", S. 67-83.
Head: Prof. Dr. Ruud Koopmans, Prof. Jean Tillie (Universiteit van Amsterdam); Prof. Dirk Jacobs (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Prof. Paul Statham (University of Bristol), Prof. Marco Giugni (Université de Genève), Prof. Manlio Cinalli (Sciences Po Paris),
Staff: Prof. Dr. Sarah Carol, Dr. Ines Michalowski, Evelyn Ersanilli, PhD (University of Oxford); Prof. Jonathan Laurence (Boston College)
Duration: 2009-
Funding: European Commission, 7th Framework Programme
Head: Prof. Dr. Ruud Koopmans, Evelyn Ersanilli, PhD (University of Oxford)
Duration: 2008-
Funding: WZB

The Political Sociology of Cosmopolitanism and Communitarianism
Head: Prof. Dr. Ruud Koopmans, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Merkel, Prof. Dr. Michael Zürn
Staff: Oliver Strijbis, Ph.D., Prof. Dr. Sarah Carol, Dr. Céline Teney, Prof. Dr. Bernhard Weßels, Dr. Pieter de Wilde, Dr. Onawa Promise Lacewell, Senem Tepe, Niklas Mäkinen
Duration: 2011-
Funding: WZB