How Men and Women Synchronize Work and Family in Germany and the United States


How do men and women combine work and family in different welfare state contexts? In comparison to Germany, the US labor market has low employment security and low occupational boundaries. At the same time, Germany classifies as a single breadwinner welfare state, whereas the US is a dual-earner / dual-carer welfare state that generally provides better options for women to combine work and family. We use longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth (NLSY), the German Life History Study (GLHS) and the German National Education Panel (NEPS) to study work-family trajectories of men and women in these two institutional contexts. Results from multichannel sequence analysis show distinct work-family patterns for men and women in the two countries that can be related to occupational status.